Socrates and the dramatists Aeshcylus, Sophocles and Euripides lived at that time. Sex and the Citizen. Kid / Family friendly. The Athenian democracy provided a number of governmental resources to its population in order to encourage participation in the democratic process. The geographical features of Athens… Visual Arts. The courtyard was an important area for the Greek. We explore the culture, trends and people that make up modern Athens today. With new ideas and an entrepreneurial spirit, Athens is in the midst of a start-up movement. Itwas difficult, but not impossible, for a woman to divorce herhusband, but easy for her husband to divorce her. Most rituals, traditions, and cultural activities are related to the Greek Orthodox faith. By taking a look at their way of life, it is possible to see some similarities to todays world as well as some of the traditions that were pushed aside in exchange for o… Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Superb performances of ancient and modern drama are staged at the Herod Atticus Theatre. Book / Lectures. During the Middle Ages, Athens experienced decline and then a recovery under the Byzantine Empire, becoming a provincial capital of the empire and a center of religious learning and devotion. The Persian War was the reason for the Greek states to unite against a common enemy, and this was a decisive point in world history. Less traveled alternative routes were available, however. Sex, sexuality, and the human form were looked on very differently than is common in modern Western tastes. For many, ancient Greece is considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. Athens re-emerged in the 19th century as the capital of the independent Greek State. They were constructed with an outdoor courtyard. Art, theater, music, poetry, philosophy, and political experiments such as democracy flourished. Learn more about the city of Athens. Practice: Classical Greek culture and society. Today, cultural events including dance and theatre, recitals, concerts international trade shows, conferences and symposia, public lectures, gallery exhibits, sports events and marathons, an integral part of life in this bustling cosmopolitan capital. ; The bronze age collapse or Greek dark ages (c.1100–c.750 BC). Her life centered on the house and the children. Athenian citizens in that era were generally expected to have respectful qualities, like openness, a rational mind and belief in their authority, although they did have shortcomings. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence started somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC. The most noteworthy result of Pericles’ public-works campaign was the magnificent Parthenon, a temple in honor of the city’s patron goddess Athena. MEET OUR MEMBERS. The cultural legacy of ancient Athens to the world is incalculable and to a great extent the references to the Greek heritage that abound in the culture of Western Europe are to Athenian civilization. Undoubtedly the pride and joy of the city’s cultural life, the Athens Concert Hall comprises a modern theatre, concert and conference hall with spacious reception areas, exhibition space and a 500-seat recital hall. It has been influenced by its location at the confluence of the East and the West and by the continual occupation of Greece and its people from the Romans until its independence from the Ottoman Empire in the 19th Century. Possessing more money than everyone else, this class could provide themselves with armour, weapons, and a horse when on military campaign. Young boys started school at age 5 and studied reading, writing, music, painting, and other artistic pursuits. Democracy in Ancient Greece is most frequently associated with Athens where a complex system allowed for broad political participation by the free male citizens of the city-state. The typical life of a child in ancient Athens was far different from our culture today, and varied drastically depending on the gender. Like the rest of the Greek city-states, Athens advanced culture and learning. Although the male citizen had by far the best position in Greek society, there were different classes within this group. The history of Athens is one of the longest of any city in Europe and in the world. Slaves were used as servants and labourers, without any legal rights. It became the leading city of Ancient Greece in the first millennium BC and the strongest Greek city-state around 500 BC, entering its Golden Age after emerging victorious from the Persian Wars (500 – 449 BC). Once she gave birth, her father could not take her back. Culture of Athens Celebrations. It had many fine buildings and was named after Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. The city of Athens, Greece, with its famous Acropolis, has come to symbolize the whole of the country in the popular imagination, and not without cause. Modern Athens was constructed after 1834, when it became the capital of a newly independent Greece. The lives that they led, their belief system, and even the way they created buildings have left lasting impressions that can still be seen today. Ancient Greece was the basis of much of Western culture today, including the belief in democracy, equality under the law and even trial by jury. Top of the social tree were the ‘best people’, the aristoi. Greek culture and identity reflect the shared history and common expectations of all members of the nation-state, but they also reflect an ethnic history and culture that predate the nation-state and extend to Greek people outside the country's borders. The city enjoyed a cultural explosion that ended with the Peloponnesian War (431 – 401 BC), but Athenian achievements in philosophy, drama and art continued even after the city’s glory faded, creating a legacy that conquered the world as Hellenistic culture. ATHENS CULTURE NET - THE CITY OF ATHENS. Theatre. Perched high on its namesake hill in the centre of the city, the 4,000-seat open-air Lycabettus amphitheatre hosts a variety of concerts by contemporary jazz and pop artists, as well as chamber orchestras, mainly during the summer. Athens was the largest and most influential of the Greek city-states. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. In 1944, an anthropologist named Alfred Kroeber theorized that culture, not genetics, explained genius clusters like Athens. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Named after Athena, goddess of wisdom and knowledge, Athens has been continuously inhabited since the Bronze Age and is generally considered to be the cradle of Western civilization. The rise and fall of empires. Culture of Ancient Athens. Built in 161 BC, the Odeon of Herod Atticus at the foot of the Acropolis provides one of the most important open-air venues for staging the annual Athens Festival, featuring music concerts and dance troupes from around the world. Key Points. Practice: Classical Greece . It was then when the incomparable Parthenon was built, when sculpture and painting flourished making Athens a center of intellectual life. However, the fall of the Acropolis to the Ottoman Turks in 1458 marked the beginning of nearly four centuries of Ottoman rule and once again decline. The Peloponnesian War. Athens … The Athenians invented democracy, a new type of government where every citizen could vote on important issues, such as whether or not to declare war. C entered within a loose collection of city-states (often at war with one another), ancient Greek culture reached its pinnacle during the fourth century BC - an era described as its "Golden Age." For many centuries afterwards, anyone interested in learning would go to Athens to study. Greece is a multi-cultural country of great and diverse interests. AthensCityGreece.gr uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. People in Athens city and all-around Greece are very superstitious and believe in all sorts of paranormal... Name Giving Ceremonies. With divorce, herproperty which wa… Everyday life in Ancient Athens of the Hellenistic era was more intellectually stimulating, and exciting, than in most ancient cities mainly due to the fact that Greeks excelled in theater and philosophy, and were involved in politics and athletics contests as well. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Dance / Performance. Athena, also spelled Athene, in Greek religion, the city protectress, goddess of war, handicraft, and practical reason, identified by the Romans with Minerva.She was essentially urban and civilized, the antithesis in many respects of Artemis, goddess of the outdoors.Athena was probably a pre-Hellenic goddess and was later taken over by the Greeks. Athens, Modern Greek Athínai, Ancient Greek Athēnai, historic city and capital of Greece. In certain ways, women were very highly respected in Athenian culture, although they had very little choices about the direction their life would take. Modern Athens was constructed after 1834, when it became the capital of a newly independent Greece. Many of Classical civilization’s intellectual and artistic ideas originated there, and the city is generally considered to be the birthplace of Western civilization. Prelude to the Peloponnesian War. Practice: Classical Greek society. It is very... Superstition. City of Athens. Architecture / Applied Arts. Slaves and foreigners living in Athens (known as metics) were banned from participating in government.The city was also a great centre for art and literature. The ancient Greeks pioneered in many fields that rely on systematic thought, including biology, geometry, history, philosophy, and physics. In the 4th to 5th century B.C, Athens was going through a prosperous period and in this period its people made remarkable achievements. Athens was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, benefiting from Italian trade. Classical Greek culture. The Megaron Hall is a 2,000-seat auditorium hosting operatic, dance and drama performances almost daily. The completion of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center designed by Renzo Piano, includes new facilities for the National Library of Greece, the Greek National Opera as well as the creation of the 170,000 square metre park that is one of the largest green spaces in Athens. The National Theatre of Greece stages drama performances in modern Greek with English translations provided. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Our Athenian Stories and Video sections uncovers this new way of thinking that seems to … Next lesson. The polis of Athens included about 2,500 sq kilometres of territory, but other Polis with smaller areas of 250 sq kilometres. 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