Chapters: Macedonian phalanx, Cataphract, Phalanx formation, Army of Macedon, Peltast, Companion cavalry, Flying wedge, Pezhetairoi, Argyraspides, Hypaspists, Thureophoroi, Psiloi, Thorakites, Rhombus formation, Agema, Somatophylakes, Prodromoi, Leukaspides, Pantodapoi, Chalkaspides, Gymnitai, Sarissophoroi, Asthetairoi, Asthippoi. Successor moves up all the scary stuff, Elephants, Scythed Chariots and Cataphracts. [1] Chosen Companions, or Hetairoi, formed the elite guard of the king (Somatophylakes). Ammianus Marcellinus, late Roman historian and soldier, describing the sight of Persian cataphracts approaching Roman infantry in Asia Minor, c. 4th century. The Cataphract is the unique unit of the Byzantines in Age of Empires II. Seleucid Companions were noted to have worn lighter, but not otherwise dissimilar, equipment to the cataphracts at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC, which may have included partial horse armour and leg and arm protection. Antiochus III, 223-187BC, used cataphracts to great effect at Panium in 200BC. A single charge from Antiochus’ cataphracts entirely scattered the Egyptian horse, exposing the Egyptian infantry's flanks and rear. Weak vs Infantry, Cavalry and Defences. [15] As Alexander's force campaigned towards India, barbarians played an increasing role in the Companion Cavalry and the Macedonian mutiny at Opis may have been partially caused by this. Under Alexander's command, the Companions' role was decisive in most of his battles in Asia[citation needed]. The byzantine cataphract (circa late 800s a.d.) had extremely advanced equipment for his time. Press J to jump to the feed. They have even more attack, defence and health then their Tier 2 predecessors. The Royal Ile was commanded by Alexander himself and contained twice the number of soldiers the other units contained, c. As a reminder, every claim you make in a scan battle must be backed up by a relevant scan or piece of evidence. The Companion cavalry of the Diadochoi (Alexandrian successor-states), were even more heavily equipped. Weak vs Infantry, Cavalry and Defences. Seleucid Cataphracts depicted in full horse armor with less-armored Companion cavalry in the background. EB1: The Hellenistic Kataphraktoi are armored in an expensive combination of lamellar armor and chain. However, the title 'Companions' was kept as a regimental one. 10. [16][17] At one point, there were four hipparchies made up of entirely oriental forces and one that was a mix of Macedonians and orientals.[16]. Penalty Attacking Cities (25% only, less than normal) 2.2. Next the other cataphract cavalry. Cataphracts can be upgraded to Elite Cataphracts in the Imperial Age. He was armed with a recurve horsebow that was slung across his back when travelling and a quiver of arrows at the left hip attached to the saddle by the means of a leather thong. Fatsquatch. The Cataphracts usually took no casualties on the charge while the Companions would loose 5-10 horses. Special mention would go to the Germanic and Iberian cavalry. Read them over thoroughly before commenting in this thread. While both have a huge Charge Bonus and lots of armor, the combat ability of Cataphracts is far inferior compared to Companions (7 to 10). Seleucid Companions were noted to have worn lighter, but not otherwise dissimilar, equipment to the cataphracts at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC, which may have included partial horse armour and leg and arm protection. Numidian cavalry, Thessalian cavalry and the Sassanid cataphracts were all highly effective cavalry units. [13], Theopompus describes the Companions, probably of around the mid 4th century BC, as being made of "no more than 800 at this time" and mustered "some from Macedonia, some from Thessaly and still others from the rest of Greece". Screenshot from Rome Total Realism, modification of Rome: Total War by Creative Assembly. For example when I first tried to test this if I where the opposition and had a Cataphract type unit vs the Companion Cavalry the AI would charge in and then withdraw pretty soon afterwards. PARTHIA 1. The name of the military unit derives from Greek Hetairoi, those near the king. And both sides fight on a joust. Companion Cavalry are slightly slower than Light Cavalry, but for what they lack in speed, they gain in survivability, more power and a larger load, allowing them to survive longer and gain more resourses on resourse … The imperial Hetaireia was composed chiefly of foreigners. in this battle myself and UnrivaledSkyrim are testing these mounted titans to the max. Macedonian Officer. One of the earliest known examples of heavy cavalry … [9] After receiving reinforcements in Susa, Alexander established two companies in each squadron. Turn 2 -Elephants charge and rout archers, then pursue into and routing a cavalry unit, then carry on the pursuit and are now out on a limb. They are to be used as heavy shock cavalry, but have staying power in melee because of the sheer weight of their armor. Much stronger against Ranged. While both have a huge Charge Bonus and lots of armor, the combat ability of Cataphracts is far inferior compared to Companions (7 to 10). [3] The Royal friends (Philoi) or the king's Companions (basilikoi hetairoi) were named for life by the king among the Macedonian aristocracy. Companion cavalry were heavier than the Hetairia, and considered elite cavalry … Unfortunately, their cavalry at the moment is underwhelming in melee and cant beat any elite Melee classified cav unit in the game (we did not test them vs Aspis cavalry). 21, War Elephants research and Strategic Cavalry Defence Lv. The former whom often frequented the ranks of Roman armies and the latter of which numerous tactics were copied from and developed by the Romans, such as the Cantabrian circle. Arabs counter with archers and flanking cavalry. Camel Cataphracts (New unit) Camel Grivpanvar are a bit troublesome units. Last night we played Republican Romans vs Seleucids. Praetorian Cavalry 2. Cataphract Camels 5. "Hetairoi" redirects here. Due to its trample damage, overall good statistics, and attack bonus against infantry, the Cataphract is probably the unit with the fewest weaknesses. But it certainly indicates that the kingdom had a reptutation well outside its borders (these stories about the Greco-Bactrians fighting the Seleucids … ‘Companions’ was a title not used by the Seleucids in its original sense. Cataphracts seem to have been in early use from Iran to Turkey but spread to the Black Sea coast and even China. And those cavalry called companions, lightly armed." Cataphracts are Tier 4 Cavalry units unlocked upon completion of the Cataphracts research, requiring an academy lv. ROME 1. At Gaugamela, Persian and Indian cavalry armed with long spears managed to break through the line of Macedonian phalangites at the point of contact of taxis (Arrian specifies “cutting through” the double phalanx); however, breakthrough was localized and cavalry was then wiped out by … Arabs counter with archers and flanking cavalry. Alexander’s Companion cavalry defeated Theban Sacred Band, albeit this was a charge from the flank. Seleucid Companions were noted to have worn lighter, but not otherwise dissimilar, equipment to the cataphracts at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC, which may have included partial horse armour and leg and arm protection. If this comment was posted on a thread that is not a Scan Battle, please report it and a mod will come and delete my hard work. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Requires Horses. [14] By 338 BC, Alexander is reported to have had around 2600 in his Companion Cavalry. Companion Cavalry companion cavalry, not nearly as heavy as the Cataphracts, but more than able to old their own in melee. #1. If they didn't use cataphracts, Alexander's Companion cavalry would be more heavily armored and, using tactics like the wedge formation, would absolutely smash through the enemy line like medieval knights. In Alexandrian battles, the phalanx was the anvil that held the enemy while his elite Companion cavalry … The Green Horned. They represent later staged of Nomadic cavalry. Hare are the contestants: 1. Companion Cavalry 3. Composite Campanian Cavalry vs Composite Cataphracts Cavalry Scan-Battle Both sides are bloodlusted, full gear, training, experience, well-fed and excellent morale. Affected by Defensive Terrain Bonuses 3. Can Move After Attacking 2. The attack bonus of Mamelukes (9, 12 for Elite) i… Early developments of heavy cavalry . Big Chinggis. Capadocian Cavalry And it turned out to be, There were two players on each side. Slower movement (-1) … Eventually, they would be copied by the Byzantines forming the inspiration for the typical medieval knight. Companion cavalry would ride the best horses, and receive the best weaponry available. Cookies help us deliver our Services. Grivpanvar might meant … As soon as the AI withdrew they would loose rapidly with the end result in the battle being that they would kill less … Seleucid Companions were noted to have worn lighter, but not otherwise dissimilar, equipment to the cataphracts at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC, which may have included partial horse armour and leg and arm protection. Appian: "and mixed other foreigners. I did some test battles to find out which is the best cavalry unit in a cavalry vs cavalry fight. A principal difference between the “traditional” Cataphract described by Helidorous and Roman “heavy” cavalry of Trajan’s time lied in the amount of armor. Late Sarmatian Cataphracts (New unit) These Cataphracts are heavily armoured and deadly in combat. Originally formed from the Macedonian nobility, esteemed friends and companions of their kings, these elite horsemen evolved under Philip II and Alexander the Great into a highly disciplined and formidable force with the adoption of the wedge formation that increased not only their … Suprisingly the winner of my battles is the arven noble cavalry. IMO, Companion Cavalry are superior to Cataphracts in a Seleucid army, being more widely used online as well. The Companion cavalry of the Diadochoi (Alexandrian successor-states), were even more heavily equipped. The Macedonians fought the scytians and Tracian (famous cataphract cavalry) indeed the Macedonian oplites used long pike very efficient against cavalry as the swiss fantery after centuries later but they spoke koiné. Special abilities 2.1. Contemporary cavalry, even when heavily armored, would most usually be equipped with javelins and would avoid melee[citation needed]. The Companion cavalry of the Diadochoi (Alexandrian successor-states), were even more heavily equipped. Introduction Heavy cavalry appeared in Western Europe after 6th century campaigns of Belisarius, when Roman cataphractii made major impression on western barbarians. There was only one regiment or unit that held the title of Companions in the entire Hellenistic world though; the Antigonids and Ptolemies had different names for their elite cavalry regiments. It was replaced with different and various grades of ‘Kings Friends'. companion cavalry, not nearly as heavy as the Cataphracts, but more than able to old their own in melee. In Alexander's day, each carried a xyston (long thrusting spear), and wore a bronze muscle cuirass or linothorax, shoulder guards and Boeotian helmets, but bore no shield. The Companions probably constituted the first real shock cavalry in history, able to conduct charges against massed infantry, even if such use is scarcely described in the ancient sources. Ptolemaic Officer. If you love to imagine the planet-exploding battles of the fictional gods who will never be, taking pointless knowledge gathered from a life spent reading and gaming and swinging it like a gladiator's sword in discussions on reddit... then welcome home, my friend. Disadvantages. EGYPT 1. EB2: An evolution of the heavy cavalry, the kataphraktoi incorporate influences from the advancements of the cavalry nations to the east. Horsemen who constitued Bizantine and Persian Heavy Cavalry. Greco-Bactrian armies also included units of heavily armored cataphracts and small elite units of companion cavalry. In the age of Philip II and Alexander they were organized into 8 territorial squadrons, termed ilai. Common abilities: 1.1. Each ile numbered between 200 and 300 horsemen. Members. They have even more attack, defence and health then their Tier 2 predecessors. Trainable Units: Note that these units represent what can be trained if the needed buildings are present. While we do have text evidence of them, there are no details how they were equipped and there are no preserved camel armours. His Egyptian enemies, led by Skopas of Aetolia, placed cavalry on the army's flanks to shield the infantry in the centre. The full rules of a Scan Battle can be found here. And Westerland Noblemen from … It is a heavy cavalry unit that excels at combat against infantry. in this battle myself and UnrivaledSkyrim are testing these mounted titans to the max. Ptolemaic Companions and Antigonid Companions were also equipped with a large round aspis cavalry shield unlike the Companions of Phillip and Alexander. They acted as part of the Byzantine imperial guard alongside the tagmatain the 9th… For example when I first tried to test this if I where the opposition and had a Cataphract type unit vs the Companion Cavalry the AI would charge in and then withdraw pretty soon afterwards. Before that, they only used light cavalry (archers and javelinmen). 400. 21, War Elephants research and Strategic Cavalry Defence Lv. Advantages. Turn 1 - Movement & maneuver from both sides. Standard … The Hetairideia, a festival pertaining to the sacred relationship which bound the king and his companions together[2] was celebrated and even Euripides, the famed Athenian play writer, was honoured as an hetairos of the king Archelaus. Before that, it was only really used in the East: Persians had founded cataphracts after conflicts with Greeks. You are indeed where you belong. Cataphracts are Tier 4 Cavalry units unlocked upon completion of the Cataphracts research, requiring an academy lv. The Companion cavalry of the Diadochoi (Alexandrian successor-states), were even more heavily equipped. The Hetairoi (Companions) could be members of the Macedonian aristocracy or commoners of any origin who enjoyed the trust and friendship of the Macedonian regent. The Cataphracts of Early Imperial Rome, 69 BC - 235 AD Rome faced several cavalry-strong foes on several fronts during the 1st Century AD - the Rhoxolani Sarmatians, who ravaged the Balkans provinces in the infamous "Year of Four Emperors", AD 69; and the Parthians, whose lethal combination of heavy cavalry and horse archers had inflicted defeats on Crassus and Marcus … An Arab cavalry unit charged by Companion cavalry to negate the impact ability, and … In Alexandrian battles, the phalanx was the anvil that held the enemy while his elite Companion cavalry … More posts from the whowouldwin community. The Companion cavalry of the Diadochoi (Alexandrian successor-states), were even more heavily equipped. This gives them a huge … Livy: "then mixed auxiliaries of all sorts, two thousand seven hundred, and three thousand cataphract cavalry and one thousand other cavalry, the royal squadron more lightly armed themselves and their horses." For similarly spelled words, see, "How suspicion and intrigue eroded Alexander's empire", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Companion_cavalry&oldid=1000618403, Military units and formations of the Hellenistic world, Military units and formations of ancient Greece, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 January 2021, at 22:40. At the battle of Turin, Constantine used light cavalry with iron-tipped clubs to attack the flanks of Cataphracts.Ancient cavalry rode horses without Stirrups, meaning clubs or weapons with blunt force behind them stood a fair chance of knocking the rider from his horse, if the blow did not … Macedonian Companion cavalry, known in Greek as the hetairoi, were the foremost shock troops of their age. Horses, being larger an… The full rules of a Scan Battle can be found here. 10. Seleucid Companions were noted to have worn lighter, but not otherwise dissimilar, equipment to the cataphracts at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC, which may have included partial horse armour and leg and arm protection. Successor moves up all the scary stuff, Elephants, Scythed Chariots and Cataphracts. Contemporary cavalry, even when heavily armored, would most usually be equipped with javelins and would avoid melee.In battle, it would form part of a hammer and anvil tactic: the Companion cavalry would be used as a hammer, in conjunction with the Macedonian phalanx-based infantry, which acted as their anvil. Greek Companion Cavalry Votes: 5 6.3% Qin/Han era cavalry troopers Votes: 5 6.3% Numidian cavalry Votes: 2 2.5% Persian Cataphracts Votes: 5 6.3% Germanic tribe cavalry Votes: 1 1.3% Roman Alae Votes: 2 2.5% Hunnic cavalry Votes: 6 7.5% Byzantine Cataphracts Votes: 3 3.8% Sarmatian/Scythian cavalry Votes: 3 3.8% Arab Caliphate cavalry Votes: 5 6.3% Jurchen cavalry Votes: … Our discussions, post your own battles and kick some ass the fastest.... most hard hitting ones 2... [ 1 ] companion cavalry vs cataphracts Companions, or Hetairoi, those near the king ( Somatophylakes ) we have. Widely used online as well Scythed Chariots and Cataphracts at Panium in 200BC to themselves... 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